terça-feira, outubro 19, 2010

Cash-transfer programs

“Bolsa Família” is one of the most significant cash-transfer program in Brazil. Its success is evident. Every ongoing presidential candidate put it as a priority in its government plan and every one of them trie to convince the public that the idea came from its mind first. The main goal of this program is to get children into school and pay their parents for its education. As a result, figures born out of that imbalance is decreasing and many more children are keeping on with their studies.

Benefits received from this program is different when comparing urban and rural areas. In urban areas there are more opportunities of jobs (informal or formal ones). In addition, it is true that it is much more expensive to live in the city than in crop fields. For that reason, sometimes, parents in urban areas don’t have motivation enough to enroll their children at “Bolsa família”. Their kids increase more their cash bringing money from street than receiving it from the program. In rural areas, on the contrary, it is worth enrolling children. While they study, kids are able to help at the harvest, because they can have up to 15% of absence from school.

Although the program’s benefit related to the economic bias, we still have social problems. After children grow up and finish their primary studies, it is being observed that they are finding it hard to get into the market. More qualification is required by them. They are unable to carry on their studies because their parents still need them help to increase the family income.

On the whole, we can assume that successful cash-transfer programs are indispensable for the economic progress, but they can’t be seen as a unique solution. It turns out to be important to have a plan for those kids who leave the school to wage more years of study. Not only years of study must be observed, but quality of education as well. That is the only way to create productivity and creative citizens who can fulfill the market needs. Their family would be grateful for that.

quinta-feira, outubro 07, 2010

Emerging adulthood

People around twenty years old are being labeled as individualist, competitive and spoiled by their parents. The lack of responsibility, being held by those young people, is giving them the status of an “emerging adulthood”. One might say that it has psychological mature basis and it is related to the late development of our brains. If it is true, it should happen the same way all over the world.

Arnett’s studies have shown that young Americans are swapping phases of life. They are having multiple experiences of sex, reaching professional success, occasionally getting a master of doctor degree and maybe even having a child before getting married. They are being called the “boomerang generation” because many of them are returning home after some years. Due to their over-qualified, and yet, valuable skills they just aren’t being absorbed by the market.

In Europe we are seeing a slightly different movement. Young people are not coming back home before they turn 30, but they are taking longer to leave their parent’s. The equal distribution of income and the wide range of jog opportunities are leading young people to take longer to graduate at university. They are having as many experiences of life as possible before facing the responsibility of adulthood.

In Latin America, as expected, similar behavior can be observed highlighted by economic disparities. The 20s generation is postponing adulthood. They have financial protection of their parents, who are supporting their consuming needs and spoiling them. At the same time, they are either overqualified or do not have skills at all, if they are unable to afford for education.

If we have so many different pictures and such similar behavior we could say that, in fact, people around their 20s can’t confront the responsibility of choosing just one option when there are so many to pick from. This can be a positive thought if their experiences are chosen wisely and guide us to a world were more self-confident people live.

sexta-feira, outubro 01, 2010

Em cima da hora!

Muitos de nós já estamos com nossos canditados bem escolhidos. Se ainda há algumas dúvidas, há um documento que pode clarear um pouco mais nossas decisões nas urnas, nem que seja um voto de protesto. Neste documento, podemos acompanhar todas os pronunciamentos, proposições, projetos , comparecimento a sessões e muitas outras informações sobre nossos deputados e senadores.


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